Some people become infected but remain asymptomatic, while others require a few weeks to fully recover from their symptoms. Mononucleosis, or mono, is an infectious disease usually caused by a virus, such as the Epstein-Barr virus. Mono can cause severe symptoms that can last for several weeks. But if your symptoms are annoying, or you feel like total crap, don’t be afraid to go to the doctor.
EBV can also spread through blood and semen. So although it’s less likely, you can get mono from medical procedures such as blood transfusions and organ transplants, or through sexual contact. Mono isn’t usually a serious illness, but it can lead to complications that in some cases make the disease more dangerous. The symptoms of mono can be mild, but they can also become very severe.
Physicians should ask about fever, cough, and risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). In its pulmonary form, reactivation TB generally presents with cough in addition to the constitutional symptoms of weight loss and low-grade fever.
But other causes must also be considered, including allergens, cigarette smoke, and even dry air. Certain health concerns, such as acid reflux, can also cause a sore throat. Even the simple act of shouting or singing loudly can injure the throat, causing pain and inflammation. A recent article in the New York Times reports on the widespread incidence of mononucleosis in teens and young adults. The Epstein-Barr virus is thought to be the cause, with most Americans infected by their 30s.
Airway compromise in infectious mononucleosis: a case report
The treatment depends on the cause. Viral pharyngitis goes away on its own. Salt water gargles, pain relievers and extra fluids will help alleviate the symptoms. Bacterial pharyngitis is treated with antibiotics. Prompt antibiotic therapy is needed for strep throat because untreated, it can sometimes cause kidney problems and rheumatic fever that can damage the heart valves.
Signs and symptoms such as a fever and sore throat usually lessen within a couple of weeks, but fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes and a swollen spleen may last for a few weeks longer. Also, i have had a few doctors tell me that it is not advisable to have my tonsils taken out since I am still symptomatic.
If that happens, you may not be able to take part in your normal, daily activities for up to several weeks. You develop severe abdominal pain, which may be a sign of a ruptured spleen. Seek emergency medical treatment immediately.
Measuring a patient’s ratio of white blood cell types may help physicians accurately distinguish between the similar conditions infectious mononucleosis and bacterial tonsillitis, potentially guiding treatment decisions, according to an article in the January issue of Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. A sore throat is the characteristic symptom of pharyngitis and – in some cases – may be the only symptom. A cobblestone appearance at the back of the throat, colloquially known as “cobblestone throat,” is in some cases present.
Mononucleosis is an infectious illness that’s sometimes called mono or “the kissing disease.” While you can get the virus that causes it through kissing, you can also get it in other ways like sharing drinks or utensils. It’s contagious, but you’re less likely to catch mono than other illnesses like the common cold. You have the symptoms of mono — especially for longer than 10 days — or you have a severe sore throat for more than a day or two.