Heartburn can also be caused directly by your growing baby. As the uterus takes over, it doesn’t leave much room for the stomach, and all that pressure can push the stomach up, causing stomach acid to leak into the esophagus. Try eating five or six smaller meals rather than three large ones, which are hours apart, to prevent your stomach from becoming too full and pushing up under your diaphragm.
The chest pain with GERD is typically burning and may extend upward. Pain due to GERD usually occurs after meals and is often relieved by antacids. However, the pain can be so similar to that of chest pain that it is often difficult or impossible to distinguish between the two without sophisticated testing. with severe and long-standing GERD have an increased risk of esophageal cancer, even when they don’t develop Barrett’s esophagus. Once you give birth, GERD usually goes away.
Common, less serious causes of bloating are eating too fast, too much, or too many fatty foods; swallowing air; pregnancy; and menstruation. Cancer and IBD (ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease) are examples the more serious causes of bloating.
To measure the movement of the contents in your esophagus, your health care professional may order esophageal impedance testing, which involves placing a catheter through your nose and into your esophagus. If your doctor orders this test, it is usually combined with the pH monitoring test so that only one catheter is in your esophagus. This test is different from the pH monitoring test because it does not rely on the acidity of the stomach contents.
As soon as the baby is born, dyspepsia due to pregnancy quickly goes. You are more likely to develop dyspepsia in pregnancy if you have previously had gastro-oesophageal reflux before you were pregnant. Acid reflux occurs when some acid leaks up (refluxes) into the gullet (oesophagus). The lining of the oesophagus can cope with a certain amount of acid. However, if more than the usual amount of acid refluxes, it may cause some inflammation on the lining of the oesophagus, which can cause symptoms.
They don’t work as quickly as antacids, but they can prevent reflux symptoms for many hours. Proton pump inhibitors are also acid reducers but are much more powerful than the H2-blockers. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the most commonly prescribed class of medications for treating heartburn and acid reflux disease. Most antacids contain either calcium carbonate (such as Tums, Rolaids, Mylanta and Maalox) or magnesium hydroxide (Phillips Milk of Magnesia). Sodium bicarbonate, also known as baking soda, can relieve heartburn and indigestion.
The basic cause of heartburn – reflux of acid from the stomach into the esophagus – is the same. The lower esophageal sphincter (the muscle at the lower end of the esophagus that normally prevents acid from refluxing) is weak in pregnancy.
That’s because hormones cause the digestive system to slow down. The muscles that push food down the esophagus also move more slowly when you are pregnant. And as the uterus grows, it pushes on the stomach. This can sometimes force stomach acid up into the esophagus. The cause of heartburn (also called gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) during pregnancy is more complicated than in the non-pregnant state.