Indigestion is not caused by excess stomach acid. Swallowing a great deal of air when eating may increase the symptoms of belching and bloating, which are often associated with indigestion. Some medications can also irritate the stomach lining and cause indigestion. Gastroenteritis may result from ingesting chemical toxins (see Overview of Food Poisoning).
A clinical validation conducted at Mayo Clinic involving 94 healthy volunteers, 60 patients with IBS-D and 28 patients with IBS with constipation (IBS-C) found that the sum of CA and CDCA concentrations above 3.7 percent of the total fecal bile acids were indicative of IBS-D, with 72 percent sensitivity and 90 percent specificity. In addition, the upper limit of normal total fecal bile acid excretion over the 48 hours has been defined by collaborative work in the labs headed by Drs.
Heartburn is when stomach acid goes out of your stomach and back into your food pipe (esophagus). You can have symptoms of both indigestion and heartburn at the same time. A disease or an ulcer in the digestive tract might cause indigestion. However, for most people, it is the result of eating too much, eating too fast, eating high-fat foods, or eating during stressful situations.
If your indigestion symptoms are caused by an infection with H pylori bacteria, you will need to have treatment to clear the infection from your stomach. This should help relieve your indigestion, because the H pylori bacteria will no longer be increasing the amount of acid in your stomach. Being overweight puts more pressure on your stomach, making it easier for stomach acid to be pushed back up into your gullet (oesophagus).
Your doctor may do some tests to find out if you have an ulcer or acid reflux disease. In many people, the junction between the esophagus (food pipe) and stomach “herniates” up through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. This phenomenon may be temporary or permanent, and is often cited as one of the causes of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, hiatal hernia [also referred to as hiatus hernia] is an anatomical abnormality, not a symptom, and its presence or absence does not equate with the symptoms of GERD. However, there are some lesser-known symptoms sometimes confused with vomiting.
On the other hand, the psychotropic drugs (antidepressants) and psychological treatments (such as cognitive behavioral therapy) treat hypothetical causes of indigestion (for example, abnormal function of sensory nerves and the psyche) rather than causes or even the symptoms. Treatment for indigestion often is similar to that for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) even though the causes of IBS and indigestion are likely to be different. Different subtypes of indigestion (for example, abdominal pain and abdominal bloating) are likely to be caused by different physiologic processes (mechanisms).
- Itâ€™s important to remember that symptoms described here can be caused by more common things.
- With the ease of sample collection compared with fecal bile acids, this makes fasting serum C4 attractive as a screening test for BAM, although it can produce false-positives and false-negatives in patients who have liver disease or are taking statins.
- Patients also commonly associate symptoms with specific foods (for example, milk, fat, vegetables).
- Other causes include certain parasites, molds, and chemicals.
- These can include pregnancy, medication use, food poisoning, and infection.
- A stomach ulcer is an open sore that develops on the inside lining of your stomach (a gastric ulcer) or small intestine (a duodenal ulcer).
Indigestion (dyspepsia) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal (GI) organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the small intestine (and occasionally the esophagus), function abnormally. It is a chronic disease in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity usually over many months or years. It may occur every day or intermittently for days or weeks at a time followed by days or weeks of relief (a pattern referred to as periodicity). Also called dyspepsia (and non-acid dyspepsia), it is a common symptom caused by many conditions and is not a disease unto itself. At Mayo Clinic, the same 48-hour stool sample can be used to measure bile acids and fecal fat – an advantage for the evaluation of diarrhea of unknown etiology.
Taking lemon juice can also reduce inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestinal tract, relieving pain associated with dyspepsia and food poisoning. Honey as a natural remedy can be taken in its pure form or mixed with tea. A teaspoon or tablespoon of honey three times a day can do wonders to relieve an upset stomach due to food poisoning and indigestion. Keep in mind though that raw honey should be avoided for safety reasons especially when it comes to infants under 1 year of age due to danger of botulism.
Symptoms of dehydration include weakness, decreased frequency of urination, dry mouth, and, in infants, lack of tears when crying. Excessive vomiting or diarrhea can result in electrolyte problems such as low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia) and dehydration, which can cause low blood pressure and a rapid heart rate.
However, other medical conditions can cause these, or similar symptoms. Having one or any combination of these symptoms does not always mean you have pancreatic cancer.
Hernias and gallstones, for example, usually require surgery, and the associated indigestion should resolve post-operatively. Some medical conditions can cause indigestion, like ulcers, gallstones, constipation or Celiac disease. Relief can come from eating smaller meals, eliminating caffeine and taking certain pain relievers. If these methods arenâ€™t sufficient in relieving indigestion, you should consult your doctor.
The primary issue, however, is to decide which tests are reasonable to perform. Since each case is individual, different tests may be reasonable for different patients. Nevertheless, certain basic tests are often performed to exclude non-functional gastrointestinal disease. These tests identify anatomic (structural) and histological (microscopic) diseases of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. Indigestion is a chronic disease that usually lasts years, if not a lifetime.
Pain is a common symptom of pancreatic cancer. It often starts as general discomfort, tenderness or pain in the tummy area that can spread to the back. Gas, indigestion, or perhaps gastritis (an inflammation of the lining of the stomach) can cause abdominal pain. The problem can result from overeating, or it can be a reaction to alcohol, caffeine, or even medication.