Belching, Bloating, and Flatulence

Included is detail on how burping works and the best strategies to force belching in order to relieve gas. Treating the symptoms of GERD may help a person burp less frequently.

Indigestion Related Articles

It can also be related to an infection or other digestive conditions. Eating a balanced diet that excludes spicy or greasy foods is key. Be sure to consume fluids with every meal, as this helps to move food through the digestive tract. Waking up gasping for air can be a frightening experience, especially if it has never happened before.

If you tend to experience indigestion symptoms at night, avoid eating for three to four hours before you go to bed. Going to bed with a full stomach means there is an increased risk that acid in your stomach will be forced up into your oesophagus while you are lying down. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition and one of the main causes of recurring indigestion. It’s caused by acid reflux, which occurs when the oesophageal sphincter fails to prevent stomach acid from moving back up into your oesophagus.

If H. pylori bacterial infection is causing your indigestion (see Diagnosis of indigestion), your GP may recommend a mixture of medicines. You may need to take antibiotics to kill off the bacteria and proton pump inhibitors to reduce the amount of acid your stomach makes. If antacids don’t work, or you need to take them regularly to ease your symptoms, your pharmacist may recommend a proton pump inhibitor.

The meal is returned promptly before it is mixed with acid, so the person suffers no heartburn. Vomiting seems an easy symptom to understand. It is the return of gastric contents including food and gastric acid from the stomach through the mouth. In the case of the disorders of gastrointestinal function, such as dyspepsia or non-cardiac chest pain, there is no structural abnormality and no diagnostic test. Hence, diagnosis of these disorders depends even more upon how the patient describes his or her symptoms.

  • A detailed history from the patient and a physical examination frequently will suggest the cause of dyspepsia.
  • Liquid products tend to work better than tablets.
  • There also are no foods or diets that can be recommended for preventing indigestion other than those that eliminated foods that provoke symptoms.
  • The most studied drug is cisapride (Propulsid), a promotility drug that was withdrawn from the market because of serious cardiac side effects.
  • However, not everyone experiences these symptoms.

However, if your stomach has been distended for a long period and belching does not relieve the distention, or if the abdominal pain is severe, seek medical attention immediately. Many over-the-counter medications can ease stomach pain and burping caused by indigestion or heartburn.

An occasional belch during or after meals is normal and releases gas when the stomach is full of food. However, people who belch frequently may be swallowing too much air and releasing it before the air enters the stomach. Sometimes a person with chronic belching may have an upper GI disorder, such as peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or gastritis. Persistent belching could be a sign of digestive conditions that require medical treatment.

In fact, another common name for dyspepsia is indigestion, which, for the same reason, is no better than the term dyspepsia!. Doctors frequently refer to the condition as non-ulcer dyspepsia to distinguish it from the more common acid or ulcer-related symptoms. While dyspepsia is a major functional disease(s), it is important to mention several other functional diseases.


The amount of gas that is normally present is dependent on the effects of colonic bacteria on the undigested food that reaches the colon and the speed with which the gas passes through the intestines and is passed. In healthy individuals, most of the lower intestinal gas that is passed (flatus) is produced in the colon and is not transmitted from the upper intestines. EndoscopyEndoscopy is a broad term used to described examining the inside of the body using an lighted, flexible instrument called an endoscope. Endoscopy procedure is performed on a patient to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum; and look for causes of symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, or intestinal bleeding.

causes of chronic burping indigestion

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