Acid reflux in infants: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

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The other end of the tube attaches to a monitor that records the measurements. Your child will wear the tube for 24 hours.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (pronounced gas-troh-eh-sof-uh-jee-uhl re-flux) occurs when food and stomach acid back up (reflux) into the tube that goes from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (also known as GERD) is a digestive condition where acid from the stomach contents flows back upward into the esophagus and, sometimes, back into the mouth leading to various symptoms. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a more serious and long-term type of reflux. In babies and children with GERD, the sphincter muscle is developed but weak, relaxing to allow food to flow back into the esophagus. Treatment goals are to reduce symptoms, heal the esophagus, and prevent complications.

Pharmacological treatment of children with gastro-oesophageal reflux

GER and GERD in infants and children are caused by immature neurologic and gastrointestinal systems. In both GER and GERD, the stomach contents area expelled from the stomach into the esophagus through the opened gastroesophogeal junction. Generally, this junction is closed and stomach contents may only travel from the stomach into the intestinal tract.

Some spitting up is normal, and GERD-like symptoms can be caused by other conditions. The result can be a lot of uncertainty about how to diagnose and treat the disease. We treat many children with gastroesophageal reflux. Most of these children do not need surgery.

MediLexicon, Intl., 3 Feb. 2017. Web. More than 60 million Americans are said to have acid reflux regularly, and it causes numerous hospital admissions. Read about risk factors, including diet and lifestyle, and the many home remedies people can try.

The action of spitting up milk is known as reflux or gastroesophageal reflux. Reflux is perfectly normal, common in infants, and is rarely serious. Spitting up is a normal occurrence for young infants. As long as your child is growing well and not developing other problems, such as breathing difficulties, the condition needs no treatment and will typically resolve on its own with time. Because GERD often gets blamed for a variety of symptoms, it’s important to see a clinician who is not only able to help to make an accurate diagnosis of GERD but who also considers other possible diagnoses to avoid unnecessary treatment.

The vertical solid arrow indicates commencement of a nonacid gastroesophageal reflux episode (diagonal arrow). The vertical dashed arrow indicates the onset of a normal swallow. Barrett esophagus, a complication of GERD, greatly increases the patient’s risk of adenocarcinoma. As with esophageal stricture, the presence of Barrett esophagus indicates the need for surgical consultation and treatment (usually surgical fundoplication).

This test checks the strength of the esophagus muscles. It can see if your child has any problems with reflux or swallowing.

pediatric health acid reflux

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